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Lot 0063

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completed between 29th July 1850 with Admiral Montagu Stopford hoisting his flag, and 10th April 1855 with stores being returned to the Dockyard and main topmast being "struck", written in a tight neat hand with between one and two weeks of entries per page in ruled sections and detailing usual shipboard procedures and weather observation, including her period of service in the Black Sea for the Bombardment of Odessa, 23 April 1854: 4.30 "Fury" Opened fire on the batteries of Odessa, 6.30 Ditto, anchored; and a long entry for the Bombardment of Sebastopol, 17th October 1854: AM at 7h The Allied forces on shore commenced firing... Arrived five steam transports.. cleared for action and got up 100 Rounds of shot for each Gun.. Weighed in tow of "Retribution" lashed alongside. Weighed in tow the "Britannia" and "Queen" weighed in tow of steamers the remainder of the Squadron following. Noon - standing in towards Sebastopol. Old French leading ship open Fire on the South Batteries, 1.45 "Terrible" opened fire on the North, lists further order of firing until The action becoming general, 3.18 "Trafalgar" opens fire... 3.25 "Trafalgar" drifting on "Rodneys" broadside, 3.35 the "Retributions" main mast shot away, 3.40 observed "Albion" being towed out of action, 4.50 set spanker and tried to take up station, 5h came to with steam anchor, and dropped B.B. ahead of "Britannia" and re-opened fire on the Large Fort... 5.15 After Main Shroud and Main Lift shot away, 5.39 ceased firing not being able to see the Object, 5.45 "Trafalgar" firing occasional Shots, Fleet in General proceeding out of the Action, 6.30 Small Batteries firing red hot shot on "Trafalgar", 7.40 Weighed and proceeded towards Anchorage, being the last ship out of the Action, 9.15 anchored in 25 fathoms; Squadron in Company, some of the spare pages after the logs' conclusion being used to list the crews for several other ships including Rattlesnake, Blonde, Excellent, Hastings, Pembroke and Monarch, bound between vellum-covered boards with marbled linings and page edges -- 13 x 8˝in. (33 x 21.5cm.)
The First Rate Trafalgar was ordered in February 1825 as the last of five 'Saint George' class three-deckers designed after the end of the Napoleonic Wars. Her keel was laid in Woolwich Dockyard in December 1829 but she was not ready for launching until the summer of 1841, having spent 11˝ years on the stocks. A large vessel of 2,694 tons measuring 205˝ feet in length with a 53˝ foot beam, she mounted 120 guns of varying calibre and required 1,000 men to crew her. Built by Oliver Lang at Woolwich, she was launched by him on 21st June 1841 with a crowd of 500,000 people said to have assembled to watch the spectacle. Initially employed as flagship to the Commander-in-Chief, Sheerness, she showed her mettle in the Crimean War when she took an active role in the twelve-hour bombardment of Odessa on 23rd April 1854 and the subsequent huge bombardment of Sebastopol on 17th October the same year. These triumphs also signalled the end of the supremacy of sail, as graphically illustrated by this lot, the great three-deckers which had successfully pounded the Russian defences had mostly been towed into position by steamships and it had become clear to the Admiralty that the future of the Pax Britannica lay with steam. Consequently, Trafalgar like most of her larger contemporaries - was docked for conversion and fitted with screw propulsion in a refit lasting a year from August 1858. Last at sea with the Reserve Fleet in 1869, she was then converted to a boys' training ship at Portsmouth and, when transferred to Portland in 1873, was renamed Boscawen. Finally sold out of the service in July 1906, she was broken up on the Thames after sixty-five years afloat.
Admiral the Hon. Sir Montagu Stopford, KCB (1798-1864) was the nephew of Admiral Sir Robert Stopford, GCB, GCMG, a flag officer of considerable fame who enjoyed a career of great distinction throughout the Napoleonic Wars. Young Montagu joined the Royal Navy in 1810 as a 1st class volunteer aboard his uncle's flagship Scipion for the conquest of Java (1811), and, thanks to his own talent, received rapid promotion to Lieutenant (1819), Commander (1822) and Post Captain (1825). Promoted to flag rank in 1853, on 4th August 1854 he was appointed Captain of the Fleet [in the Black Sea] and attached to Admiral Dundas's flagship Britannia. With the main naval activity in the Crimean War over by the end of that year, Stopford was then made Superintendent of the Dockyard at Malta (Jan. 1855 - July 1858) and retired on half-pay in 1863.
'Captain of the Fleet' is essentially a temporary Admiralty post, the officer so appointed being required to carry out all the C. in C.'s orders and also to maintain discipline throughout the fleet, an area in which his rulings are "supreme".


1000 - 1500

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